Presenting peer-reviewed original papers that were co-authored with faculty at the University of Minnesota Medical School in Duluth, MN

At some point in the history of medicine, a caregiver has prescribed reuptake inhibitors for each of these diseases. The initial problem we encountered was anorectic (norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) drugs that quit working soon into treatment. Eventually, we found solutions that applied to all reuptake inhibitors.

Many diseases listed in the table below are not exclusively caused by serotonin dysfunction or dopamine dysfunction. This conference will teach strategies for clinically differentiating serotonin dysfunction from dopamine (catecholamine) dysfunction to facilitate optimal initiation of care.

The speakers will present their papers discussing how depletion of serotonin and/or dopamine has been linked to the following and comprehensively review the known options available for effective management of each:

  1. Low efficacy
  2. Placebo relapse
  3. Suicidal ideation
  4. Symptom relapse
  5. Discontinuation syndrome
  6. Drug tachyphylaxis in general


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